14 août 2019

Vers 2030, le Québec comptera plus de personnes âgées que de personnes ayant moins de 20 ans, ce qui ouvre la voie à une forte croissance des ménages multigénérationnels au pays. Selon Statistique Canada, ce type de ménage a augmenté de 37,5 % entre 2001 et 2016. La cohabitation intergénérationnelle présente des avantages considérables. Notamment, cette mixité enrichit le tissu social des municipalités et contribue au dynamisme des quartiers.

Vivre avec ses grands-parents

Les habitations multigénérationnelles, composées de deux logements plus ou moins indépendants, permettent aux familles de cohabiter avec leurs proches parents. Elles constituent une alternative aux maisons de retraite tout en facilitant l’accès à la propriété à de jeunes familles. En forte croissance au pays, les ménages multigénérationnels regroupent 2,2 millions de personnes, soit 6,3 % de la population canadienne. Cette augmentation est liée à celle de la proportion de familles autochtones et immigrantes au sein de la population canadienne. En effet, ces familles sont plus susceptibles de partager leur foyer avec les grands-parents.

Au Québec, ce type d’habitation est officiellement autorisé depuis 1998 à la suite de la modification de la Loi de l’aménagement et de l’urbanisme. Dans les villes-centres, les plex multigénérationnels familiaux sont de plus en plus populaires. Cette proximité résidentielle facilite les solidarités familiales, car il est plus facile d’aider ses parents vieillissants ou ses enfants adultes lorsque l’on habite à proximité.

La solidarité intergénérationnelle au quotidien

La cohabitation intergénérationnelle n’est pas l’apanage des familles. Le logement partagé contribue lui aussi à la lutte contre l’isolement des aînés en offrant à ces derniers la possibilité d’héberger un jeune, souvent étudiant. Une solution gagnant-gagnant : les jeunes accèdent à un logement à moindre coût et apprennent de la sagesse des anciens, tandis que les aînés obtiennent un complément de revenu, de la compagnie et une présence rassurante. Ainsi, cette pratique pallie le manque de structures d’accueil pour les personnes âgées et l’offre de logements étudiants.

Ce type de cohabitation est bien souvent porté par des organismes du milieu communautaire. Ces organismes sélectionnent rigoureusement les candidats, créent des jumelages en fonction des affinités et assurent un suivi. Pionnières dans ce domaine, les Habitations partagées du Saguenay existent depuis 1987. Aujourd’hui, plusieurs programmes similaires existent à Gatineau, Montréal ou Sorel-Tracy. On compte également quelques coopératives d’habitations intergénérationnelles, à Montréal, Québec et même en Gaspésie. L’objectif y est simple : combler le fossé artificiel qui sépare les générations et recréer des solidarités naturelles afin de remédier au problème d’isolement. Ainsi, les personnes âgées peuvent vivre confortablement dans leur propre logement grâce à un esprit d’entraide et à un voisinage bienveillant.

Désenclaver les résidences pour briser l’isolement

Dans la Belle Province, des initiatives originales ont été mises en place dans certaines résidences pour aînés. À Québec, dans l’arrondissement de Charlesbourg, un centre d’hébergement et un CPE sont abrités sous le même toit. Ainsi, petits et grands se fréquentent tout simplement en traversant le hall d’entrée qui les sépare et les rapproche à la fois. À Verdun et à Chambly, on trouve des garderies intégrées à des CHSLD. Cette cohabitation donne l’occasion à ces générations, habituellement si éloignées, de se côtoyer au quotidien.

À Trois-Rivières, la résidence Les Marronniers héberge gratuitement deux étudiantes en échange de 40 heures de bénévolat auprès de ses résidents chaque mois. Cette expérience, en vogue en Europe, est encore rare au Québec. Les bienfaits sont pourtant flagrants : certains espaces communs du bâtiment, auparavant moins fréquentés, connaissent une revitalisation soudaine, les résidents prenant de nouveau plaisir à sortir de leur chambre. La transmission intergénérationnelle s’exerce alors dans les deux sens.

D’autres initiatives existent ailleurs au Canada : à Saskatoon, une classe de sixième année a été aménagée dans un centre de soins de longue durée; les universités de Moncton, au Nouveau-Brunswick, et de Waterloo, en Ontario, abritent au cœur de leur campus des établissements de soins de longue durée.

La cohabitation intergénérationnelle représente un véritable projet de société sur lequel les pouvoirs publics doivent se pencher. Aussi variée soit-elle, elle brise les préjugés et transforme les mentalités. Ses effets sur la communauté se font ressentir sur le long terme. À quand une véritable politique intergénérationnelle au Québec ?

Ce texte est le résumé d’un article paru dans le magazine Municipalité + Famille de l’automne 2018 du Carrefour action municipale et famille, un organisme à but non lucratif engagé dans la promotion, la mise en oeuvre, l’accompagnement et le suivi des politiques familiales municipales.

Vous avez aimé cet article? Partagez-le!
395 commentaires

395 Replies to “Quand les générations cohabitent”

  1. This discusses some insightful considerations-but I believe you may be generalizing. I want to see you write more about this, because you are an informative writer and I get immense value from reading your posts.

  2. I know that you could be trying to be PC with your topic, but please understand that the jucier thoughts usually lead to awesome dialogue when approached respectfully..and it is your site so allow your content be King here!

  3. I know that you’re trying to stay neutral with this subject, but please remind yourself that the jucier lines of thinking can make for awesome dialogue when argued with respect..and this is your page after all, allow your voice rule here!

  4. You deliver some great ideas-though I notice you are generalizing. I want to see you write more about this, because you are a good writer and I like reading your posts.

  5. I suspect that you could be trying to avoid upsetting anyone with this post, but please know that the polarized thoughts always lead to healthy debate when approached with respect..and it is your page so allow your « take » set the tone here!

  6. Hello There. I discovered your blog the use of msn. That is an extremely well written article.

    I’ll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read extra of your useful information.
    Thank you for the post. I’ll certainly return.

  7. Can I simply say what a comfort to discover an individual who truly understands what they’re talking about over the internet.
    You actually realize how to bring a problem to light and make it important.
    More and more people must read this and understand
    this side of the story. I was surprised that you’re not more
    popular since you surely have the gift.

  8. I have been browsing online more than 3 hours today, yet I never found any
    interesting article like yours. It is pretty worth enough for me.
    In my view, if all website owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the
    net will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  9. Have you ever considered writing an e-book or guest authoring
    on other sites? I have a blog centered on the same subjects you discuss and would love
    to have you share some stories/information. I know my audience would appreciate your work.
    If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e mail.

  10. Heya just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the
    images aren’t loading properly. I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
    I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the
    same outcome.

  11. Magnificent goods from you, man. I have take into
    account your stuff prior to and you are simply extremely excellent.

    I really like what you’ve obtained here, certainly like what you are stating and the
    way in which through which you say it. You’re making
    it entertaining and you still take care of to stay
    it wise. I can not wait to learn far more from you. That is actually
    a great web site.

  12. Undeniably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to be
    on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of.
    I say to you, I definitely get annoyed while people consider worries that
    they plainly do not know about. You managed to hit the
    nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having
    side effect , people could take a signal. Will likely
    be back to get more. Thanks

  13. I am extremely inspired with your writing talents and also
    with the format to your weblog. Is this a paid theme or
    did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up
    the excellent high quality writing, it is uncommon to peer a nice blog like this
    one nowadays..

  14. I really like your blog.. very nice colors & theme.
    Did you design this website yourself or did you hire someone to do it for you?
    Plz answer back as I’m looking to create my own blog and would like to find
    out where u got this from. thanks a lot

  15. Heya! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any issues
    with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and I ended up losing a few months of hard work due to no data backup.
    Do you have any solutions to protect against hackers?

  16. What’s Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have
    found It positively helpful and it has aided me out loads.
    I hope to contribute & assist other users like its helped me.
    Good job.

  17. you’re in reality a excellent webmaster. The web site loading pace
    is amazing. It seems that you’re doing any unique trick.
    In addition, The contents are masterpiece. you have performed a
    magnificent process on this matter!

  18. I think that what you said was very reasonable. But, what about this?
    what if you added a little information? I ain’t saying your information is
    not good, but what if you added something that grabbed a person’s attention? I mean Quand les générations cohabitent – Blogue de l'
    AQRP is kinda boring. You could glance at Yahoo’s
    front page and note how they write post titles to grab people to open the links.
    You might add a video or a related picture or two to get people interested about everything’ve written. In my opinion, it
    could make your posts a little bit more interesting.

  19. Heya just wanted to give you a brief heads up and let you know a few of the pictures aren’t loading correctly.
    I’m not sure why but I think its a linking issue.
    I’ve tried it in two different browsers and both show the same outcome.

  20. Excellent goods from you, man. I’ve understand your stuff previous to and you’re simply
    extremely magnificent. I really like what you’ve obtained right here, certainly
    like what you are saying and the way in which during which you say it.
    You make it enjoyable and you continue to take care of to stay it smart.

    I can not wait to learn far more from you. That is
    actually a terrific website.

  21. I have been exploring for a little for any high-quality articles or weblog posts in this sort of space
    . Exploring in Yahoo I ultimately stumbled upon this website.
    Reading this information So i’m satisfied to convey that I have an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I
    found out just what I needed. I most no doubt will make sure to don?t fail to
    remember this site and give it a look regularly.

  22. Hey I am so happy I found your blog page, I really found you by
    accident, while I was searching on Aol for something else, Anyhow I am here now and would just like to say thanks
    a lot for a marvelous post and a all round exciting blog (I also love
    the theme/design), I don’t have time to read it all at the minute but
    I have book-marked it and also added your RSS feeds, so
    when I have time I will be back to read more, Please do keep up the fantastic b.

  23. This is really interesting, You’re a very skilled blogger.
    I have joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your magnificent post.

    Also, I’ve shared your site in my social networks!

  24. Hello I am so thrilled I found your webpage, I really found you by error, while I was browsing on Google for something else, Regardless
    I am here now and would just like to say many thanks for a remarkable post and a all
    round thrilling blog (I also love the theme/design), I don’t have time to look over it
    all at the moment but I have saved it and also added your RSS feeds, so when I have
    time I will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the awesome work.

  25. I’ve been exploring for a little for any high quality articles
    or blog posts on this sort of house . Exploring in Yahoo I at last stumbled upon this web site.
    Reading this information So i am satisfied to exhibit that I
    have an incredibly just right uncanny feeling I found out just what
    I needed. I so much for sure will make certain to do not forget this website and
    provides it a look regularly.

  26. Woah! I’m really digging the template/theme of this site.
    It’s simple, yet effective. A lot of times it’s challenging to
    get that « perfect balance » between user friendliness and appearance.
    I must say you’ve done a excellent job with this.
    Also, the blog loads extremely fast for me on Chrome.
    Outstanding Blog!

  27. My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP.
    I have always disliked the idea because of the expenses. But he’s tryiong none the less.

    I’ve been using Movable-type on several websites for
    about a year and am worried about switching to another platform.
    I have heard fantastic things about blogengine.net.
    Is there a way I can import all my wordpress posts into
    it? Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  28. With havin so much written content do you ever run into
    any problems of plagorism or copyright infringement? My site has a lot of unique content I’ve either created myself or outsourced but it appears a lot of it is popping it up
    all over the web without my agreement. Do you know any methods to help reduce content from being stolen?
    I’d truly appreciate it.

  29. Excellent blog! Do you have any tips and hints for
    aspiring writers? I’m hoping to start my own blog soon but
    I’m a little lost on everything. Would you propose starting with a
    free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option? There are so many choices out there that I’m completely overwhelmed ..
    Any recommendations? Kudos!

  30. Greetings! This is my first visit to your blog!

    We are a group of volunteers and starting a new initiative in a community
    in the same niche. Your blog provided us useful information to work on. You have
    done a extraordinary job!

  31. Hi, I do believe this is an excellent web site.
    I stumbledupon it 😉 I will come back yet again since I book-marked it.
    Money and freedom is the best way to change, may you be rich and continue to guide others.

  32. I must thank you for the efforts you’ve put in writing this blog.
    I’m hoping to view the same high-grade blog posts by you
    in the future as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has encouraged me to get
    my own, personal site now 😉

  33. Hello, Neat post. There’s a problem with your web site in web explorer, would check this?
    IE nonetheless is the market chief and a big component to people will
    omit your magnificent writing because of this problem.

  34. Unquestionably believe that which you said. Your favorite justification appeared to
    be on the web the easiest thing to be aware of. I say to you, I certainly
    get annoyed while people consider worries that they just do not
    know about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and defined out the whole thing without having side-effects ,
    people could take a signal. Will probably be back to get more.
    Thanks

  35. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I could
    add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time and was hoping maybe
    you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly
    enjoy reading your blog and I look forward to your new updates.

  36. Can I simply just say what a comfort to discover somebody
    who truly knows what they are discussing on the internet.
    You definitely realize how to bring an issue to light and make it
    important. More and more people should read this and understand this
    side of the story. I was surprised you are not more popular given that you definitely possess the gift.

  37. Great post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed!
    Very useful info specially the last part 🙂 I care for such information a lot.
    I was looking for this certain information for a very long time.
    Thank you and best of luck.

  38. Great goods from you, man. I’ve keep in mind your stuff prior
    to and you’re just too wonderful. I really like what you have obtained here, really like what you are saying and the way in which by which you assert it.

    You’re making it entertaining and you continue to take care of to stay it sensible.
    I can’t wait to read far more from you. That is really a tremendous
    website.

  39. Howdy! This blog post couldn’t be written much better!
    Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate!

    He continually kept preaching about this. I most certainly will send this information to him.
    Fairly certain he’s going to have a good read. Many thanks for sharing!

  40. Today, I went to the beach with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4 year old daughter and
    said « You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear. » She placed the shell to her ear and screamed.

    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.
    She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  41. I’ve been surfing online more than 4 hours today, yet I never found
    any interesting article like yours. It’s pretty worth enough for
    me. In my view, if all web owners and bloggers made good content
    as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.

  42. Hi there fantastic blog! Does running a blog
    such as this take a massive amount work? I have virtually no understanding of
    programming however I was hoping to start my own blog
    soon. Anyways, if you have any suggestions or tips for new blog owners please
    share. I understand this is off subject nevertheless
    I simply needed to ask. Kudos!

  43. Hi there, I believe your site could be having browser compatibility problems.
    Whenever I look at your blog in Safari, it looks fine however, if opening in Internet Explorer,
    it has some overlapping issues. I simply wanted to provide
    you with a quick heads up! Other than that, fantastic website!

  44. Howdy just wanted to give you a quick heads up.
    The words in your article seem to be running off the screen in Internet explorer.
    I’m not sure if this is a formatting issue or something to do with web browser compatibility but
    I thought I’d post to let you know. The layout look great though!
    Hope you get the issue fixed soon. Many thanks

  45. Today, I went to the beach front with my children. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4
    year old daughter and said « You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear. » She placed the shell to her ear and screamed.
    There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear. She never wants to go back!
    LoL I know this is entirely off topic but I had to tell someone!

  46. Heya this is kinda of off topic but I was wondering if
    blogs use WYSIWYG editors or if you have to manually code with HTML.
    I’m starting a blog soon but have no coding skills so I wanted to get guidance from
    someone with experience. Any help would be greatly appreciated!

  47. Hello! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give
    a quick shout out and say I truly enjoy reading through
    your blog posts. Can you recommend any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same
    subjects? Thanks a lot!

  48. hey there and thank you for your info – I’ve certainly
    picked up something new from right here. I did however
    expertise several technical points using this web site, as I
    experienced to reload the web site many times
    previous to I could get it to load correctly.
    I had been wondering if your hosting is OK?
    Not that I’m complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will sometimes
    affect your placement in google and can damage your quality
    score if ads and marketing with Adwords. Well I’m adding this RSS to my
    email and can look out for much more of your respective fascinating content.
    Make sure you update this again soon.

  49. Awesome site you have here but I was curious about
    if you knew of any discussion boards that cover the same topics
    talked about here? I’d really like to be a part of community
    where I can get advice from other experienced individuals that share the
    same interest. If you have any recommendations, please let me know.
    Thanks!

  50. You are so awesome! I don’t think I have read a single thing like that before.
    So good to discover somebody with unique thoughts on this subject.

    Really.. many thanks for starting this up. This website is something that
    is required on the internet, someone with a bit of
    originality!

  51. I do not even know how I ended up here, but I thought this post was great.

    I don’t know who you are but definitely you are going to a famous blogger if you aren’t
    already 😉 Cheers!

  52. We are a group of volunteers and starting a new scheme in our community.

    Your site offered us with valuable information to work on.
    You’ve done an impressive job and our whole community will be grateful to you.

  53. naturally like your web-site however you have to take a look at the spelling on quite
    a few of your posts. A number of them are rife with spelling problems and I
    find it very bothersome to tell the truth nevertheless I’ll surely come back again.

  54. We’re a group of volunteers and starting a brand new scheme in our community.
    Your website offered us with helpful information to work on. You have
    done an impressive job and our entire community can be grateful to you.

  55. Hello There. I discovered your weblog the use of msn. That is a really well written article.

    I will be sure to bookmark it and return to learn extra of your useful
    info. Thank you for the post. I’ll definitely return. 3aN8IMa cheap
    flights

  56. Hi there, just became aware of your blog through Google, and found that it’s
    really informative. I am going to watch out
    for brussels. I will be grateful if you continue this in future.
    A lot of people will be benefited from your writing.
    Cheers!

  57. Je vis ,actuellement, avec mon fils et c’est très agréable. Le jour il travail mais le soir j’ai une présence précieuse avec moi.Nous avons, au début, établie quelques règles pour nous faciliter le vivre ensemble. COmme le paiement du loyer, etc…Nous nous sommes entendu que s’il déménage dans son propre logement, moi j’irai vivre dans une maison de retraite autonome.Mais pour le moment ça roule comme sur des roulettes.

  58. Nous venons malheureusement de terminer cette expérience de maison bigénération avec notre fille, son conjoint et ses enfants. Ce fut une très belle expéreince que nous aurions aimé poursuivre plusieurs autres annéés. Malheureusement la séparation du couple vient entâcher cette expérience. Un conseil précieux: AVANT d’investir financièrement dans un tel projet de construction demander aux propriétaires de la maison de SIGNER une entente en ce qui concerne le remboursement de leur investissement en cas de séparation ou de divorce lors de la vente de leur maison.

  59. Si mes jeunes se ramasserais j’aurais opter pour cette forme d’habitation. Malheureusement ce ne sera pas pour toute suite car j’ai vraiment beaucoup de difficulter à vivre dans le désordre et difficile de dire à nos jeunes de se ramasser. Je veux passer du temps agréable avec eux et non à leur demander de se ramasser. Dommage j’aimerais vraiment ça.

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse courriel ne sera pas publiée.